What is Periodontics
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry devoted to the treatment of the supporting structures of the teeth – which is the gums, bones and other associated tissues.
This area has important functions as it securely attaches the teeth to the jaws while acting as a shock absorber during biting and chewing and thus helps to prevent damage to the teeth from excessive forces. Also, the hard and soft tissue (periodontium) maintains the teeth in a stable position within the jaws allowing them to work together efficiently and comfortably.
Periodontitis is always triggered by plaque accumulation on the teeth and often known as a “gum disease”. It is a very common condition in which the gums and deeper perio dontal structures become inflamed. The inflammation is caused by certain bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on the teeth. The gums usually become red, swollen and have the tendency to bleed during tooth brushing. If periodontitis is left untreated, the inflammation can spread down below the gums and along the roots of your teeth. This will eventually destroy the periodontal ligament and the supporting bone. After that, your teeth will be loosened there is always the risk of loss of the teeth.
Periodontitis starts with inflammation of the gums which is known as gingivitis. As described earlier, you may become aware of a bleeding from your gums when brushing your teeth. Also, your gums may look red and swollen and you may notice a discoloured layer of bacterial plague on your teeth.
What you can do
In most cases, a professional cleaning will remove all the soft deposits from accessible areas of your teeth after which they are polished are treated with fluoride. Depending on your case and the improvement in plaque control and gum health, further cleaning and/or further treatment may be required. The next step would be removing all bacterial deposits and tartar from the root surfaces and gingival pockets.
For more information about Periodontics, please visit the website of the American Academy of Periodontology.
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